How do you get all of your critical reading and thinking onto paper in a coherent way? Hopefully the process of actively engaging with the literature has clarified "what you want to say", which will help you to write a focused essay. Use this focus to plan your key points and identify the evidence you will bring in to support your argument. Structure and paragraphing are your friends, use them to build a logical progression or case. The Writing at University page has more information on planning, structure and argument.
Try to keep descriptive writing to a minimum, don't just say WHAT an author said or WHAT happened, this is descriptive. Discuss WHY it is significant, HOW it compares to other views and HOW it applies to your point.
Develop your voice by using different verbs to indicate your assessment of the literature. For example, shows is seen as positive as it reports an observation or finding as a proven fact. The use of concludes or states is seen as neutral. However, claims or presumes disassociates the writer from the position of the author cited. The writer's choice of verb shows their distance from the author's perspective and that the writer is questioning the author's approach. This allows the writer to establish a critical perspective and follow with an evaluation of the author's point that may well include counter argument.
Useful verbs for reporting other writers' findings
|Makes the point
Provides evidence for
|Seeks to explain
Seeks to identify
Tries to identify
There are many more examples of this type at Academic Phrasebank to help you develop your writing.
This is an example of critical writing which illustates some of these techniques such as paragraphing, developing an argument and the authors voice.